Unverified Commit 569d275f authored by Niels Lohmann's avatar Niels Lohmann
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💥 throwing an exception in case dump encounters a non-UTF-8 string #838

We had a lot of issues with failing roundtrips (i.e., parse errors from serializations) in case string were stored in the library that were not UTF-8 encoded. This PR adds an exception in this case.
parent 383743c6
......@@ -803,6 +803,9 @@ The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all c
THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED “AS IS”, WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.
* * *
The class contains the UTF-8 Decoder from Bjoern Hoehrmann which is licensed under the [MIT License](http://opensource.org/licenses/MIT) (see above). Copyright &copy; 2008-2009 [Bjoern Hoehrmann](http://bjoern.hoehrmann.de/) <bjoern@hoehrmann.de>
## Contact
......
......@@ -378,6 +378,7 @@ json.exception.type_error.312 | cannot use update() with string | The @ref updat
json.exception.type_error.313 | invalid value to unflatten | The @ref unflatten function converts an object whose keys are JSON Pointers back into an arbitrary nested JSON value. The JSON Pointers must not overlap, because then the resulting value would not be well defined.
json.exception.type_error.314 | only objects can be unflattened | The @ref unflatten function only works for an object whose keys are JSON Pointers.
json.exception.type_error.315 | values in object must be primitive | The @ref unflatten function only works for an object whose keys are JSON Pointers and whose values are primitive.
json.exception.type_error.316 | invalid UTF-8 byte at index 10: 0x7E | The @ref dump function only works with UTF-8 encoded strings; that is, if you assign a `std::string` to a JSON value, make sure it is UTF-8 encoded. |
@liveexample{The following code shows how a `type_error` exception can be
caught.,type_error}
......@@ -4890,7 +4891,7 @@ class binary_reader
default: // anything else (0xFF is handled inside the other types)
{
std::stringstream ss;
ss << std::setw(2) << std::setfill('0') << std::hex << current;
ss << std::setw(2) << std::uppercase << std::setfill('0') << std::hex << current;
JSON_THROW(parse_error::create(112, chars_read, "error reading CBOR; last byte: 0x" + ss.str()));
}
}
......@@ -5214,7 +5215,7 @@ class binary_reader
default: // anything else
{
std::stringstream ss;
ss << std::setw(2) << std::setfill('0') << std::hex << current;
ss << std::setw(2) << std::uppercase << std::setfill('0') << std::hex << current;
JSON_THROW(parse_error::create(112, chars_read,
"error reading MessagePack; last byte: 0x" + ss.str()));
}
......@@ -5382,7 +5383,7 @@ class binary_reader
default:
{
std::stringstream ss;
ss << std::setw(2) << std::setfill('0') << std::hex << current;
ss << std::setw(2) << std::uppercase << std::setfill('0') << std::hex << current;
JSON_THROW(parse_error::create(113, chars_read, "expected a CBOR string; last byte: 0x" + ss.str()));
}
}
......@@ -5487,7 +5488,7 @@ class binary_reader
default:
{
std::stringstream ss;
ss << std::setw(2) << std::setfill('0') << std::hex << current;
ss << std::setw(2) << std::uppercase << std::setfill('0') << std::hex << current;
JSON_THROW(parse_error::create(113, chars_read,
"expected a MessagePack string; last byte: 0x" + ss.str()));
}
......@@ -6513,6 +6514,8 @@ class serializer
*/
void dump_escaped(const string_t& s, const bool ensure_ascii) const
{
throw_if_invalid_utf8(s);
const auto space = extra_space(s, ensure_ascii);
if (space == 0)
{
......@@ -6764,6 +6767,87 @@ class serializer
}
}
/*!
@brief check whether a string is UTF-8 encoded
The function checks each byte of a string whether it is UTF-8 encoded. The
result of the check is stored in the @a state parameter. The function must
be called initially with state 0 (accept). State 1 means the string must
be rejected, because the current byte is not allowed. If the string is
completely processed, but the state is non-zero, the string ended
prematurely; that is, the last byte indicated more bytes should have
followed.
@param[in,out] state the state of the decoding
@param[in] byte next byte to decode
@note The function has been edited: a std::array is used and the code
point is not calculated.
@copyright Copyright (c) 2008-2009 Bjoern Hoehrmann <bjoern@hoehrmann.de>
@sa http://bjoern.hoehrmann.de/utf-8/decoder/dfa/
*/
static void decode(uint8_t& state, const uint8_t byte)
{
static const std::array<uint8_t, 400> utf8d =
{
{
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, // 00..1f
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, // 20..3f
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, // 40..5f
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, // 60..7f
1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 9, 9, 9, 9, 9, 9, 9, 9, 9, 9, 9, 9, 9, 9, 9, 9, // 80..9f
7, 7, 7, 7, 7, 7, 7, 7, 7, 7, 7, 7, 7, 7, 7, 7, 7, 7, 7, 7, 7, 7, 7, 7, 7, 7, 7, 7, 7, 7, 7, 7, // a0..bf
8, 8, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, // c0..df
0xa, 0x3, 0x3, 0x3, 0x3, 0x3, 0x3, 0x3, 0x3, 0x3, 0x3, 0x3, 0x3, 0x4, 0x3, 0x3, // e0..ef
0xb, 0x6, 0x6, 0x6, 0x5, 0x8, 0x8, 0x8, 0x8, 0x8, 0x8, 0x8, 0x8, 0x8, 0x8, 0x8, // f0..ff
0x0, 0x1, 0x2, 0x3, 0x5, 0x8, 0x7, 0x1, 0x1, 0x1, 0x4, 0x6, 0x1, 0x1, 0x1, 0x1, // s0..s0
1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 0, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 0, 1, 0, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, // s1..s2
1, 2, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 2, 1, 2, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 2, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, // s3..s4
1, 2, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 2, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 3, 1, 3, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, // s5..s6
1, 3, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 3, 1, 3, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 3, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1 // s7..s8
}
};
const uint8_t type = utf8d[byte];
state = utf8d[256 + state * 16 + type];
}
/*!
@brief throw an exception if a string is not UTF-8 encoded
@param[in] str UTF-8 string to check
@throw type_error.316 if passed string is not UTF-8 encoded
@since version 3.0.0
*/
static void throw_if_invalid_utf8(const std::string& str)
{
// start with state 0 (= accept)
uint8_t state = 0;
for (size_t i = 0; i < str.size(); ++i)
{
const auto byte = static_cast<uint8_t>(str[i]);
decode(state, byte);
if (state == 1)
{
// state 1 means reject
std::stringstream ss;
ss << std::setw(2) << std::uppercase << std::setfill('0') << std::hex << static_cast<int>(byte);
JSON_THROW(type_error::create(316, "invalid UTF-8 byte at index " + std::to_string(i) + ": 0x" + ss.str()));
}
}
if (state != 0)
{
// we finish reading, but do not accept: string was incomplete
std::stringstream ss;
ss << std::setw(2) << std::uppercase << std::setfill('0') << std::hex << static_cast<int>(static_cast<uint8_t>(str.back()));
JSON_THROW(type_error::create(316, "incomplete UTF-8 string; last byte: 0x" + ss.str()));
}
}
private:
/// the output of the serializer
output_adapter_t<char> o = nullptr;
......
......@@ -1287,10 +1287,10 @@ TEST_CASE("CBOR")
{
CHECK_THROWS_AS(json::from_cbor(std::vector<uint8_t>({0x1c})), json::parse_error&);
CHECK_THROWS_WITH(json::from_cbor(std::vector<uint8_t>({0x1c})),
"[json.exception.parse_error.112] parse error at 1: error reading CBOR; last byte: 0x1c");
"[json.exception.parse_error.112] parse error at 1: error reading CBOR; last byte: 0x1C");
CHECK_THROWS_AS(json::from_cbor(std::vector<uint8_t>({0xf8})), json::parse_error&);
CHECK_THROWS_WITH(json::from_cbor(std::vector<uint8_t>({0xf8})),
"[json.exception.parse_error.112] parse error at 1: error reading CBOR; last byte: 0xf8");
"[json.exception.parse_error.112] parse error at 1: error reading CBOR; last byte: 0xF8");
}
SECTION("all unsupported bytes")
......@@ -1348,7 +1348,7 @@ TEST_CASE("CBOR")
{
CHECK_THROWS_AS(json::from_cbor(std::vector<uint8_t>({0xa1, 0xff, 0x01})), json::parse_error&);
CHECK_THROWS_WITH(json::from_cbor(std::vector<uint8_t>({0xa1, 0xff, 0x01})),
"[json.exception.parse_error.113] parse error at 2: expected a CBOR string; last byte: 0xff");
"[json.exception.parse_error.113] parse error at 2: expected a CBOR string; last byte: 0xFF");
}
SECTION("strict mode")
......
......@@ -32,7 +32,7 @@ SOFTWARE.
#include "json.hpp"
using nlohmann::json;
void check_escaped(const char* original, const char* escaped, const bool ensure_ascii = false);
void check_escaped(const char* original, const char* escaped = "", const bool ensure_ascii = false);
void check_escaped(const char* original, const char* escaped, const bool ensure_ascii)
{
std::stringstream ss;
......@@ -99,7 +99,12 @@ TEST_CASE("convenience functions")
check_escaped("\x1f", "\\u001f");
// invalid UTF-8 characters
check_escaped(\xA9ü", \xA9ü");
check_escaped(\xA9ü", "\\u00e4\xA9\\u00fc", true);
CHECK_THROWS_AS(check_escaped(\xA9ü"), json::type_error);
CHECK_THROWS_WITH(check_escaped(\xA9ü"),
"[json.exception.type_error.316] invalid UTF-8 byte at index 2: 0xA9");
CHECK_THROWS_AS(check_escaped("\xC2"), json::type_error);
CHECK_THROWS_WITH(check_escaped("\xC2"),
"[json.exception.type_error.316] incomplete UTF-8 string; last byte: 0xC2");
}
}
......@@ -1077,10 +1077,10 @@ TEST_CASE("MessagePack")
{
CHECK_THROWS_AS(json::from_msgpack(std::vector<uint8_t>({0xc1})), json::parse_error&);
CHECK_THROWS_WITH(json::from_msgpack(std::vector<uint8_t>({0xc1})),
"[json.exception.parse_error.112] parse error at 1: error reading MessagePack; last byte: 0xc1");
"[json.exception.parse_error.112] parse error at 1: error reading MessagePack; last byte: 0xC1");
CHECK_THROWS_AS(json::from_msgpack(std::vector<uint8_t>({0xc6})), json::parse_error&);
CHECK_THROWS_WITH(json::from_msgpack(std::vector<uint8_t>({0xc6})),
"[json.exception.parse_error.112] parse error at 1: error reading MessagePack; last byte: 0xc6");
"[json.exception.parse_error.112] parse error at 1: error reading MessagePack; last byte: 0xC6");
}
SECTION("all unsupported bytes")
......@@ -1106,7 +1106,7 @@ TEST_CASE("MessagePack")
{
CHECK_THROWS_AS(json::from_msgpack(std::vector<uint8_t>({0x81, 0xff, 0x01})), json::parse_error&);
CHECK_THROWS_WITH(json::from_msgpack(std::vector<uint8_t>({0x81, 0xff, 0x01})),
"[json.exception.parse_error.113] parse error at 2: expected a MessagePack string; last byte: 0xff");
"[json.exception.parse_error.113] parse error at 2: expected a MessagePack string; last byte: 0xFF");
}
SECTION("strict mode")
......
......@@ -975,7 +975,7 @@ TEST_CASE("regression tests")
};
CHECK_THROWS_AS(json::from_cbor(vec1), json::parse_error&);
CHECK_THROWS_WITH(json::from_cbor(vec1),
"[json.exception.parse_error.113] parse error at 13: expected a CBOR string; last byte: 0xb4");
"[json.exception.parse_error.113] parse error at 13: expected a CBOR string; last byte: 0xB4");
// related test case: double-precision
std::vector<uint8_t> vec2
......@@ -989,7 +989,7 @@ TEST_CASE("regression tests")
};
CHECK_THROWS_AS(json::from_cbor(vec2), json::parse_error&);
CHECK_THROWS_WITH(json::from_cbor(vec2),
"[json.exception.parse_error.113] parse error at 13: expected a CBOR string; last byte: 0xb4");
"[json.exception.parse_error.113] parse error at 13: expected a CBOR string; last byte: 0xB4");
}
SECTION("issue #452 - Heap-buffer-overflow (OSS-Fuzz issue 585)")
......@@ -1306,6 +1306,15 @@ TEST_CASE("regression tests")
CHECK(j["nocopy"]["val"] == 0);
}
SECTION("issue #838 - incorrect parse error with binary data in keys")
{
uint8_t key1[] = { 103, 92, 117, 48, 48, 48, 55, 92, 114, 215, 126, 214, 95, 92, 34, 174, 40, 71, 38, 174, 40, 71, 38, 223, 134, 247, 127 };
std::string key1_str(key1, key1 + sizeof(key1)/sizeof(key1[0]));
json j = key1_str;
CHECK_THROWS_AS(j.dump(), json::type_error);
CHECK_THROWS_WITH(j.dump(), "[json.exception.type_error.316] invalid UTF-8 byte at index 10: 0x7E");
}
SECTION("issue #843 - converting to array not working")
{
json j;
......
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